UJIAN HSKNovember, 02, 2017
BASIC STRUCTURE OF CHINA’S UNIVERSITIES
China’s Academic Degree System
China ‘s academic degrees include bachelor, master’s and doctor’s degree. Disciplines include philosophy, economics, law (including politics, sociology, ethnology, etc), mathematics, pedagogy (including sports science), literature, (including linguistics, arts science, library science), history, natural science, engineering science, medicine, management science and military science.
Bachelor’s degree is conferred to undergraduates of universities and colleges who have finished all requirements in teaching plans, reporting goods academics record in curricular subject studies and graduation thesis.
Master degree is conferred to postgraduates of universities, colleges, and research institutes who have passed all examination of subject studies including graduation defense.
Doctor’s degree is conferred to Ph. D Students of universities, colleges and research institutes who have passed all examination of subject studies and graduation oral examination.
Teaching and scientific research in China’s universities
Teaching in China’s universities in strictly implemented according to teaching plans and teaching programs. Teaching in universities usually include classroom lecture, classroom discussion, experiment class, excersise doing, and guidance class. In line with classroom teaching, other teaching forms are also organized, such as on - the – spot teaching, visits, practice teaching, and social investigation, in a bid to reinforce the effect of classroom teaching, and improve student’s ability of doing practical work and using the knowledge they have learned. Libraries and reference rooms are open to students both at the university or department level, creating good conditions for students’ study and research. Universities and colleges are well equiped with modernized teaching facilities to make sure all teaching plans should be realized.
Scientific research in Cina’s universities and colleges is in important driving force to deveolping science and technology and fostering the economic construction. By September of 2003, Chinahad 1552universities and colleges, with graduatestudents totaling 65100, and undergraduates students 6677 million. These universities and colleges have established 103 state key laboratories, as well as 36 state engineering research centers. Universities and colleges play an important role in China’s scientific research.
Student Status Management in China’s Universities
China’s universities require students to register with schools in time. New students have to pass qualification reviews before officially obtaining the status or identity as a student.
Students are checked both on study attendance and academic records in China’s universities, not allowed to cut classes without reason, and have to take examinations required in teaching plans. Students are not allowed to move to the higher-grade credit system is adopted can get the credit of a subject after passing the exam. Students will have to repeat the year’s work, stay down or be ordered to quit school, if he or she fails in the exams.
Students of good behavior and study will be rewarded and commended in China’s universities. Students who violate school disciplines and regulations will face discipline punishment.
Campus Culture in China’s Universities
In view of the direct influence of campus culture upon students’ development and education, China’s universities attach great importance to cultivating healthy campus culture featuring their own characteristics, in a bid to build up a good school spirit.
Chinese universities often organize social and massive activities to improve the building up of campus culture. The activities mainly include scientific experiments, academic exchanges, art performances, athletic competitions, and public welfare activities. International students in China are welcome to all these activities. In addition, universities organize special art performances, athletic competitions, performances in Chinese, and sightseeing for International students. By taking in part in such activities, International students will be able to better understand the Chinese culture, and increase exchanges with Chinese teachers and students.
Living Facilities in China’s Universities
Chinese universities have student dormitories and dining halls, with most students being able to have board and lodging within the campus. To provide convenience for international students, Chinese universities usually build dormitories and dining halls for them within the campus.
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